Chinook-King Salmon

Chinook-King Salmon

Sometimes referred to as “king” salmon, chinook are the largest salmon species. Adult fish can grow to over four feet in length. Their typical weight is 10 – 45 lbs., with a record of 126 lbs. 

Coho Salmon

Coho Salmon

The coho, or “silver salmon,” has a metallic blue back and silver sides and belly.

SteelHead Trout

SteelHead Salmon (Trout)

Steelhead salmon are ocean-going rainbow trout. They are a solid gray until their skin darkens at spawning time. Occasionally, a reddish streak shows up on their sides.

Sockeye Salmon

Sockeye Salmon

Immature sockeye salmon have silvery sides and bellies and greenish-blue backs. As they mature, they turn bright red.

The Salmon

Salmon once occupied nearly 13,000 miles of Columbia River Basin streams and rivers. According to conservative estimates, the Columbia River Basin, both above and below Bonneville Dam, once produced between 10 and 16 million salmon annually. Historically, salmon runs in the Columbia River Basin consisted of 16% fall chinook, 12% spring chinook, 30% summer chinook, 11% coho, 23% sockeye, 8% steelhead, and less than 1% chum. These runs generally extended from March through October, though steelhead runs extended through the winter.

A special thanks to the Columbia River Inter-Tribal Fish Commission for the written descriptions.

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